As the threat of Covid-19 has caused a large disruption throughout many counties around the world, but there is still the threat posed by global warming that has not gone away.
Every day, the amount of carbon dioxide emissions within the atmosphere are increased, driving up temperatures, leading to extreme weather, such as storms, heatwaves and flooding’s and melting polar ice are among the possible effects.
What Is Climate Change?
The Earth’s average temperature is about 15°C but has been much higher and lower in the past. There are natural variations in the climate, but many scientists have stated that temperatures are now rising faster than at many other times.
The Green House Effect
Scientists believe we are adding to the natural greenhouse effect, with gases released from industry, agriculture, high emission transport and poorly energy efficiency homes is trapping more energy and increasing the temperature, which is also known as climate change or global warming.
What Are Greenhouse Gases?
The greenhouse gas which has the worst impact on the warming of the planet is water vapour, as it remains in the atmosphere for only a few days.
Carbon dioxide (CO2), however, persists for much longer. It would take hundreds of years for a return to pre-industrial levels and only so much can be soaked up by natural reservoirs such as the oceans.
Most man-made emissions of CO2 come from burning fossil fuels. When carbon-absorbing forests are cut down and left to rot, or burned, that stored carbon is released, contributing to global warming.
Other greenhouse gases such as methane and nitrous oxide are also released through human activities, but they are less abundant than carbon dioxide.
What Is The Evidence For Warming?
The world is around 1°C warmer than before widespread industrialisation, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) says.
Additionally, the 20 warmest years on record all happened in the past 22 years, with 2015 to 2018 making up the top four. Across the globe, the average sea level has risen by 3.6mm per year between 2005 and 2015.
Most of this change was due to water increases in volume as it heats up. However, melting ice is now thought to be the main reason for rising sea levels, as most glaciers in temperate regions of the world are retreating.
Moreover, satellite data gas showed a dramatic decline in Arctic sea-ice since 1979. The effects of a changing climate can also be seen in vegetation and land animals. These include earlier flowering and fruiting times for plants and changes in the territories of animals.
How Will Climate Change Affect Us?
There is doubt about how great the impact of a changing climate will be. It could cause freshwater shortages, dramatically alter our ability to produce food, and increase the number of deaths from floods, storms and heatwaves.
As the planet warms, it means more water evaporates, leading to more moisture in the air. Resulting in many areas experiencing more intense rainfall and in some places snowfall. But the risk of drought in inland areas during hot summers will increase with, more flooding to be expected from storms and rising sea levels too.
Plant and animal extinctions are predicted as habitats change faster than species can adapt. And the World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that the health of millions could be threatened by increases in malaria, water-borne disease and malnutrition.
As more CO2 is released into the atmosphere, uptake of the gas by the oceans increases, causing the water to become more acidic. This could pose major problems for coral reefs.
Responding to climate change will be one of the biggest challenges we face this century.
But you can help make the change today by giving our expert team a call on 0808 222 0 111, to find out how you can cut back on your carbon emissions and start creating your own renewable energy for your home or business.